|"why don't you try to fix the problem?" |
Sorry mickliq but that isn't a very helpful suggestion since the OP came here asking for help to do just that. They realize that any recovery option that involves a format ( Quick or otherwise) will result in data loss.
The system is a laptop with an inbuilt recovery partition. It seems the OP does not have access to a bootable XP disk which would be needed in order to get into recovery console where there may have been other things they could try. There are limited options now available and first priority should be preservation of the data.
Take the drive out and use another PC with suitable adapter or external drive enclosure, to recover the important files & docs. Verify the accessibility of those backup copies.
Then return the drive to it's place & perform full format recovery.
Other option might be to take it to a tech but make sure they back up the files first before repair.
Goin' Fishin' (Some day)