Windows itself does not keep a log anywhere of USB drive usage. Not unless security auditing is enabled and it isn't by default. Some applications may keep some kind of log but there are no standards for this so they can do it any way they wish.
Download & run THIS small third party utility. With USBDeview you will see all USB devices that currently connected to your computer, as well as all USB devices that you previously used. You can also use it uninstall USB devices that you previously used.
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