|Before I made any attempt to correct it I would use a live cd/usb or network boot to an LIVE OS.|
There is bartsPE if you want to make it on another computer. It is really windows and you should be able to boot to a bartsPE cd and use it to copy files off to some place.
Almost every linux at distrowatch.com has a live cd to boot to and it is simple enough for most people to boot to and get your data off.
Lastly is something like netboot.me. You use a cd or floppy to boot your computer to a network OS. Kind of slow but you don't need to build a cd. Then copy data off.
Then I'd work on a repair.
"The era of big government is over," said Clinton 1996