|In short, only the police could make use of the device ID numbers to make a physical comparison if they recover a laptop matching the description of your stolen unit.|
Laptops have the facility to set BIOS power-on passwords that cannot be circumvented. If you had enabled this feature then the thief would not have been able to install another operating system as you seem to have presumed.
In any event, it is gone and your prospects of locating it using the mac address of it's NIC are next to zero.
Goin' Fishin' (Some day)