Linux on a win10 pc

September 8, 2018 at 05:14:31
Specs: Win 10, 4 GB
Have windows 10 running on my PC. Have a second, empty HDD. How to install Linux on that empty HDD, so that I get a menu at startup which OS to load.

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September 8, 2018 at 05:25:21
Which version of Linux? All you should have to do is pop in the disc & follow the instructions. It will detect the Windows installation & ask if you want to replace it or dual boot. Just make sure it installs to the 2nd HDD.

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September 8, 2018 at 05:31:33
Have a DVD with Linux Mint 18.2 64 bit on it. My PC is 64 bit. In the PC I have an empty second HDD.

message edited by willem1933

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September 8, 2018 at 06:37:41
Mint is now at version 19, supported until April 2023.

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September 12, 2018 at 01:40:30
The question I asked has not really been answered. I have recovered a +/- 500 GB Seagate HDD from an old laptop, attached it as a second HDD to my Win 10 PC and that is where I want to install Linux-Mint 19. But the PC where this recovered HDD is attached to is an 250 GB SSD one running Win 10. I want to explore Linux, but I am completely new to Linux and its commands and terminology. I have tried to find instructions and found

After booting from the DVD I get into the trial Linux system. When I start the installation from there, I get the request whether to install 3rd party software, I tick that possibility and next I get a message: "The installer detected that there is a mounted partition /dev/sdb (which is the Win partition, I think). Do you want to unmount the partitions ?" and I choose NO, (because I think that would unmount the Win 10 disk) and get a window with menu

1. Install Linux alongside Windows 10 - that's not my choice, because it would mean partitioning the 250 GB HDD
2. Erase disk and install Linux - that is to me loosing Win 10
3. Something else - so I choose that.

Then I get into a sort of explorer window, with at the top a green bar and underneath that are two, what I suspect are the 2 Win 10 partitions, 1 sda1 (ntfs) 249,6 GB and 2 sda2 (ext2) 492 MB (MEGA !) and under that what I assume are the details of the Win 10 SSD. At the bottom there is a possibility to choose:

Device for boot loader installation:
1. /dev/sda ATA Samsung SSD ... 250,1 GB - that's Win 10
2. /dev/sda1 Windows 10 - certainly not
3. /dev/sda2 - which is probably the recovery partition of Win 10
4. /dev/sdb ASMT 2115 (500,1 GB) - that looks the best, but I don't want to loose my windows, but I chose this option
5. /dev/sdb1 - ????
6. /dev/sdb5 - ????

Not quite sure, I clicked on "Install now" and then a pop-up: "No root file system is defined, pleasecorrect this from the partitioning menu." I clicked on OK and got the only possibility "Install now".

Do I continue or not, that is the question ?

Now what I understand from this is that there will be A Linux HDD with a sort of MBR from which I can choose which OS to start.

If that is indeed the case, then could I not better disconnect the SSD from the power and the SATA, start the PC with Linux in the DVD drive and load the trail session. Then click "Install" and then it can only install on th 500 GB HDD. Am I correct ? Thanks for your further help.

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September 14, 2018 at 08:18:55
If you disconnect the Windows drive when installing Linux, you won't have the dual boot menu at startup. You need both drives connected when Mint is installed so that the boot loader is setup properly.

Linux labels the detected drives as sda, sdb, sdc, etc., so the 1st drive detected will be sda. Partitions on the drive will be 1, 2, 3, etc., so sda1, sda2, sda3, etc.

You said the HDD (500GB?) you want to use for Mint is blank. If it's being detected as sdb & then shows sdb1 & sdb5 (what about sdb2 thru sdb4?), it would appear the drive is still partitioned. Are you 100% sure it's blank? If you remove ALL partitioning, it might be clearer to you what's going on when you attempt to install Mint.

I suggest using option 1, "install alongside Windows" & then make sure it installs to the blank HDD. If the HDD is already formatted with NTFS or FAT32, it may be detected as a Windows partition & warn you that it must be reformatted & all data will be lost. That shouldn't be a problem if the HDD has all the partitioning removed & has nothing but unallocated space.

"The installer detected that there is a mounted partition /dev/sdb"

How do you have the 500GB HDD attached? IDE, SATA, or USB? Regardless, unmount it before running the Mint installer. There should be an icon for the drive on the desktop; just right click & unmount.

message edited by riider

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