|All you did was repeat what you asked in the original post?|
1st of all, let's get this straight: CPU = Central Processing Unit = Processor. They are different names for the same thing. Microprocessor is another name & is probably the most correct. Some people erroneously refer to the computer case & everything inside of it as the CPU, but that is incorrect. CPU = Processor = Microprocessor.
What do you want to know about types? Basically, there are desktop CPUs, server CPUs, & mobile CPUs. Since this is a computing forum, I won't get into the CPUs used in gaming systems, smart phones, etc. Since you refuse to explain what you want to know, have a look at these wikipedia links that list all AMD & Intel CPUs from the 70's to the present:
List of AMD microprocessors
List of Intel microprocessors
IBM, Cyrix, & VIA are a few others that manufacture (or used to manufacture) CPUs.
CPU - Gallery overview
If that's not the answer you're looking for, you need to ask your question more clearly & in more detail. All the info you need can be found by using google. It's not our job to do the googling for you (even though I just did).