|You may have a poor connection inside the case, a poor connection of the ram, or failing capacitors on the mboard.|
The same things can be caused by a power supply while failing or by a power spike or surge
See response 1:
Failing power supplies are common and can cause your symptoms.
Check your PS.
They often partially work, fans and hard drives may spin, leds may come on, yet you may get no video and the mboard will not boot all the way.
See response 4 in this:
If you can borrow a power supply from another working computer, try connecting that.
If it is failing, you can usually replace it with any decent quality standard sized standard ATX PS with the same capacity or greater.
Standard (PS/2) power supply size - 86mm high, 150mm wide, 140mm deep, or 3 3/8" h x 5 7/8" w x 5 1/2" d , or very close to that, though the depth can be more or less for some PSs.
Don't buy an el-cheapo (in quality) PS.
See response 3 in this:
Note - I may have mentioned Coolermaster in that - I have recently found some models have only a 1 year warranty, some are known to have premature fan failures, some are known to develop failing electrolytic capacitors.
Many people have this problem after they have installed a graphics card in a mboard slot- the capacity of the existing power supply is not enough.
Your power supply must have at least the minimum capacity required to support a system with the graphics card you are using installed, or the max graphics card you might install in the future.
(Onboard video - video built into the mboard - IS NOT A CARD ! )
If that info is not in the ad for the video card, you can go to the video card maker's web site and look up the specs for the model - often under system requirements - the minimum PS wattage, and, more important, the minimum amperage the PS must supply at 12v is stated. If you don't find that, any card with the same video chipset including any letters after the model number has very similar minimum PS requirements. Some power supplies have two or more +12v ratings - in that case, add those ratings to determine the total +12v current capacity.