|"I found the CMOS battery that I overlooked...Didn't help"|
It's a laptop, not a desktop. Because of security, removing the battery will not reset the BIOS.
Looking at your BIOS screenshot, your BIOS version is F.24 which is "ancient". The latest BIOS is F.66. I suggest you update it & see if it fixes your HDD SMART errors. Unfortunately, I think the update needs to be installed from within Windows. Did you try disabling SMART?