|For anyone keeping track, here's where I'm at:|
1) Tested power supply fine
2) Tested memory fine
3) Put in another hard drive, installed windows, and soon after the symptoms came back before I could even boot into Windows.
4) Reset bios and downloaded new bios in an attempt to upgrade it but could not stay in the Operating System long enough
5) I'm guessing at this point the SATA controller just is not working. I mean the CD-ROM drive is connected through SATA and works fine but that may be because it is a much simpler device when compared to a hard drive.
In Summary... motherboard was too expensive so didn't replace it. Tried a PCI-E sata controller but was not being detected since I could not install the drivers. I'm still curious as to whether the motherboard being replaced would have fixed it, I'd say there's a 90+% chance it would have.