Since both of your models are suppported by XP according to the link (that sam pozo supplied) in response 5,
- if you connect the printer via a parallel port, you can select your printer model manually in Control Panel - Classic View - Add a Printer.
- if you use a mboard parallel port, the printer mode in the bios Setup of the mboard MUST be set to EPP, ECP, or EPP /ECP mode, in order for the printer to be detected by Windows. Usually EPP mode is fine. ECP mode requires that a dma channel be available for only the printer - sometimes it isn't available only for the printer - sometimes when you select ECP mode, you can choose from more than one dma channel choice in the bios.
- all PCI parallel port cards that I know of are already capable of and set to EPP or ECP or EPP /ECP mode.
- the parallel printer cable should be IEEE1284 compatible - it should have IEEE1284 on the cable or on the end connectors - or - an unmarked cable is okay if it's individual wires are of a gauge (thickness) that meets or exceeds the minimum gauge required for the IEEE1284 specs (the lower the wire gauge number, the thicker the wire) - if it has a relatively skinny cable it may be good enough.
- any USB to parallel printer adapter - the type that has circuitry beteen the the two ends to convert the USB connection to a parallel printer port connection , should work fine with your printers, as long as the USB port you connect to is one that it works with properly. (However, most it not all of them only work for printers - they probably won't work with scanners, they may not work with the printer in multifunction units, they probably won't work with anything else that is parallel connected.)
You install the printer the same way - manually in Control Panel - Classic View - Printers and Faxes - Add a Printer.
USB devices may not work correctly when they're connected to certain USB ports e.g. ports in a hub or on the front of a desktop case. If you have a desktop computer, you may have an IRQ sharing problem you need to fix, or your power supply may be starting to fail.
See response 3 in this:
Also - if you are using a USB extension cable, some of them have inadequate wiring and will not work properly with some USB devices.
If you have a desktop computer and a spare PCI slot, a PCI parallel port card may be cheaper than a USB to parallel printer adapter.
Don't install any PCI card other than a PCI video card in the last PCI slot on the end closest to the center of the desktop mboard - that slot is forced to share it's IRQ with the video, and you will likely have problems with any card other than a PCI video card when it's installed in that slot.