|"...SATA was configured to IDE....."|
"I changed the setting to SATA configured to RAID"
In order to use that setting you must have a RAID array. In most if not all cases, a (SATA) RAID array must have at least two hard drives connected to the same SATA controller that supports RAID, and the RAID array MUST be set up BEFORE you install the operating system.
(Similarly, if an IDE drive controller supports RAID, in most if not all cases, an IDE RAID array must have at least two hard drives connected to the same IDE controller that supports RAID, and the RAID array MUST be set up BEFORE you install the operating system.)
NOTE that if you have a drive controller that supports RAID use, usually you MUST install the drivers for the RAID version of the controller's chip - usally Windows WILL NOT accept the drivers for the non-RAID version of the chip as valid.The drivers for the RAID version of the chip ALSO support non-RAID use. Using the RAID features and a RAID array is optionall, NOT mandatory. If you installed the wrong version of drivers for the drive controller, you will probably see an entry for the drive controller in Device Manager that is flagged with a yellow ! (exclamtion mark) or a red X, or there will be an Unknown device listed for it that has a yellow !.
If you are still getting the STOP:....7B error when the SATA controller mode is set to an IDE compatible mode, the error is probably NOT caused by the SATA controller drivers being missing or corrupted in the operating system.
Windows should always work fine when the SATA controller mode is set to an IDE compatible mode.
If the SATA controller drivers have been loaded in the operating system and if they are not corrupted, the Windows installation should work fine when the SATA controller mode is set to SATA or AHCI if you DO NOT have a RAID array set up.
"With it set to RAID, I also tried Safe mode, VGA mode, etc., but these did the same."
If you don't have a RAID array, then those things are not valid.
Do Safe mode or Safe mode with networking or Enable VGA mode work without you getting the error when the SATA controller mode is set to an IDE compatible mode ?
"By the way --- in an earlier post, I said that CHKDSK quoted 1.56 GB and 1.34 GB --- yes, I did make a mistake. That should have been 156 GB and 134 GB."
OK, good to be informed about.
"To backup from my C: drive to my D: drive: I use the Second Copy program. It always works fine."
Did you back up the entire contents of C then do incremental backups after that (backup only what had changed since the last backup) ?
Go to the web site of the maker of the Second Copy program and find info that tells you what you need to do to use the backup data to restore the contents of C if you can no longer access Windows normally. You must have at least one backup of ALL the data that was on C:
If you get the STOP: ...7B error no matter which way you try to load Windows after pressing F8 while booting when the SATA controller mode is set to an IDE compatible mode in the bios, Save settings, then there are several things you could try.
- Boot the computer from the XP CD, load the Recovery Console, type: fixmbr , then type: fixboot. Type; exit to close the Recovery Console and restart the computer. DO NOT press a key to boot the computer from the CD. See if Windows then loads normally.
- If that doesn't help, you can try running a Repair installation of Windows - that attempts to fix what is wrong and DOES NOT delete the personal data and settings and program installations you have added to the partition Windows was installed on.
Running it can't fix all possible problems, but it often does fix the problems and it takes less than an hour to run, so it's worth trying.
The XP CD you use.....
- MUST have SP1 or later Windows updates included in it in order for it to be able to recognize the full size of hard drives larger than 137 gb manufacturer's size. If it has SP2 or SP3 updates included it has "Includes Service Pack 2 (or 3) " or similar printed on the surface of the CD. If it has SP1 updates, that has not been printed on any of the Microsoft OEM XP CDs I've seen, but the volume label - the label you see for the disk in My Computer or Windows Explorer - for an XP CD with SP1 updates included is different from the volume label for an XP CD that has no SP updates at all included - you can find out whether the CD has SP1 updates or no SP updates by searching the web using the volume label.
If the CD has no SP updates at all....
- you may NOT have the Repair installation choice when you boot from the CD when all other requirements have been met. I'm not 100% sure about that, but the Repair installation choice has NOT shown up when I've used Microsoft OEM XP CDs that have no SP updates at all on them.
- you can follow a procedure to make yourself a "slipstreamed" CD, preferably a CD-R disk for best compatibility, that has the SP3 updates integrated into the contents of your original CD. If your mboard has SATA drive controllers, you can also integrate the SATA controller drivers for your mboard into the contents of the CD while you're at it.
There are plentiful instructions on the web that tell you how to do that with various burning programs and free third party programs. The freeware nLite program can be used to do both of those things.
You use the "slipstreamed" CD instead of your original XP CD to install Windows from scratch, or to run a Repair installation of Windows procedure, along with the proper Product Key for your original XP CD.
- The XP CD must be for the same version of Windows - Home, Pro, or Pro 64 bit - as the Windows installation on the hard drive.
(If you have an XP MCE 200x version, you need the first of TWO OEM CDs for the MCE version, and there are things you need to be informed about that I know from experience with the MCE 2005 set).
- The XP CD must be for the same type of Windows license as the Windows installation on the hard drive - OEM, Retail, or Volume licensed
OEM licensed regular Microsoft XP CDs have "For distribution with a new PC only." printed on them.
Almost all brand name systems come with an OEM licensed version of Windows - a few may have come with a Volume licensed version - NONE came with a Retail licensed version.
More later - I need to do something else for a while.
To add to the last one before this...
If the CD is NOT for the same type of Windows license as on the hard drive, you WILL NOT have the choice shown of running the Repair installation procedure when you boot the computer from the CD.
- you must use a Product Key that is meant for the same type of Windows license as on the hard drive - OEM, Retail, or Volume licensed. If you don't, you CANNOT complete the Repair installation of Windows procedure.
Usually that's the Product Key that's on the official Microsoft label that's on the outside of the computer case.
If you have no official Microsoft label, or if you do but you can no longer read the Product Key on it, or in any case....
- if the Windows installation is working, you can use a freeware program to find the Product Key of the Windows installation that was loaded.
- if Windows is NOT working properly but the Windows installation is still there on the hard drive, it there's nothing wrong with the hard drive itself, SOME freeware programs can find the Product Key Windows WAS using, if you connect the hard drive to another computer that is using a Windows version in the same "family", and use a special feature of the program.
E.g. search the web for the freeware program Keyfinder, on the Jellybean whatever site - it can do both things. If you need to find the Product Key for a Windows installation that is NOT able to load, click on the link to Keyfinder FAQs at the bottom of the page where you can download Keyfinder - you need to use the Load Hive feature. .
- the computer must be experiencing NO memory errors (from ram modules installed in the mboard) - even a tiny number of them will cause problems that will probably result in you NOT being able to complete the Repair installation procedure successfully
(You have not mentioned anything so far that indicates that to me, in this case.)
- there must be NO errors reading files from the CD. If you DO have that problem, that may or may not result in you NOT being able to complete the Repair installation procedure successfully. If you DO have that problem, try skipping the installation of that file, but you will probably get other errors like that if you got one., If you keep skipping loading files until you get no more messages about that, if that results in you can complete Setup, then you can run the Repair installation procedure again if you need to.
(You have not mentioned anything so far that indicates that to me, in this case. However, I HAVE seen the situation where the initial files load from the XP CD fine, you are able to press R at the first screen to load the Recovery Console and that works fine, yet when you continue on from that screen rather than pressing R, I DID get errors reading files from the CD.)
- NOTE that if you fail to complete the Repair installation procedure for ANY reason (get all the way through Setup), you will probably NOT have the Repair installation choice when you boot from the CD after that
- NOTE that a brand name labeled XP Re-installation CD or similar that came with a brand name computer model, or that is one of the Recovery disks you bought for a brand name computer model or that you made yourself by running a program the brand name provided that's already on the original brand name software installation, usually CANNOT be used to install Windows from scratch, or to run a Repair installation procedure, on a computer other than the same brand name computer models, or a small group pf computers models made by the same brand at about the same time - the CD will REFUSE to do those things, because certain standard files have been modified on the CD.
How to do an XP Repair installation step by step:
If your Windows CD does not have SP1 or SP2 or SP3 updates included, and you updated Windows with SP2,or SP3 updates, you will have to install SP2 or SP3 updates again to get it working properly. SP1 updates or later is required for USB 2.0 and hard drives larger than 137gb (manufacturer's size; 128gb in Windows and most bioses).
You may also need to re-install some of your Windows Updates
- if you have installed IE 7, 8, or 9 in your Windows installation, the CD installs IE 6. You will get error message when you use IE because of a mix or IE 6 and newer IE version files. The cure for that is to un-install the IE version you installed in Add or Remove Programs and install it again.
IE 8 is probably the best version to install at the present time - it's "mature" and most of if not of it's bugs have been fixed, at least they have been if you load all the Windows Updates available for it after it has been installed (most of them are Security fixes).
IE 9 still has lots of bugs, and not all web sites support it. IE 7 never was supported by all web sites. IE 6 is no longer adequate - there are many web sites that can't use it properly.
You should have a newer version of IE installed even if you don't use IE as your internet browser, the files installed include some that are not specifically for the IE browser that all browsers benefit from.
If running the Repair installtion of Windows procedure doesn't cure your problem, then you need to either
- install Windows from scratch.
If you have any personal data on the drive that you do not want to lose, BEFORE you do that, you need to either
- boot the computer from something that has an operating system on it that can read the files on the drive, e.g. a Linux CD,
- or - remove the drive and connect to another computer that has a working operating system that can read the files on the drive
....and copy the files you do not want to lose to elsewhere. You DO NOT need to copy any standard Windows files or the standard files for programs that you can easily install again.
By default, ALL of your personal data is stored in XP in C:\Documents ans Settings\(your user name)\(your user's files and subfolders), uinless you stored them in non-standard locations.
- OR - in your case -
Go to the web site of the maker of the Second Copy program and find info that tells you what you need to do to use the backup data to restore the contents of C if you can no longer access Windows normally.
You must have at least one backup of ALL the data that was on C: