|As I said previously.....|
"If you don't have ISA slots on the mboard you want to use this on, there's probably no way you can use this drive."
These are OLD drives - the newest of them were made in about 92! I've never seen anything for them but ISA sound cards that have the header and controller for them. If they even existed, the dedicated controller cards for them were probably only available as ISA cards.
Even if you did use something to adapt the header wiring on the drive so it more or less conformed to the way an IDE (ATA a.k.a. PATA ) header is wired, it's very unlikely it would work - the drive's circuits would have to be compatible with what is required for an IDE (ATA a.k.a. PATA ) interface.
I made a standard 98SE Startup Disk (or you can use a 98 Startup Disk, or a ME Startup Disk)
If you don't have one....
- if you have access to a computer with 98SE (or 98) installed on it, you can make one in Control Panel - Add/Remove Programs - Startup Disk tab. You need to insert a Windows CD to make it.
- or - you can download a file that makes one from sites on the web, such as bootdisk.com.
The driver I used is Cdmke41.sys - 13,401 bytes in it's Properties - I copied the driver file to the Startup Disk.
Access the Startup Disk, RIGHT click on Config.sys, choose Open.
In the section [CD]
After the line:
I added these lines:
rem Next line added for proprietary Panasonic 56x CDrom drives.
DEVICE=cdmke41.sys /D:MSCD001 /SBP:220
Right click on File, Save.
/SBP:220 is for the I/0 port address - 220 - I think it was a SB sound card I had it connected to.
As I recall that varies, but it should work with a SB sound card - if it doesn't I may still have other info about what alterhnate I/O addresses that may work are, somewhere.
When you use a 98 or 98SE Startup Disk, that's all you need to do - it already has the correct line to load mscdex.exe (Microsoft CD Extensions ) in Autoexec.bat.
The rem line is optional - I made it so that I could easily find what I did to load the Panasonic driver.
Any line in Config.sys or Autoexec.bat that begins with rem ( = remark) is a remark or a comment and the line's contents are not executed - press Enter at the end of the line.
I placed the line that loads the Panasonic driver in that position so that if there is a Panasonic proprietary drive that CD drive driver is loaded first, but it can be anywhere under the [CD] section after device=himem.sys /testmem:off.
When you boot using the Startup Disk floppy, by default it loads the files for CD drive support after a few seconds delay, or you can select that yourself.
I see these lines for the "panasonic" driver:
"CD-ROM Device Driver Version 4.01
Copyright (C) Matsushita-Kotobiki Electronic Industries Ltd."
- if the driver finds a suitable proprietary drive, the driver is auto loaded, and Autoexec.bat and Config.sys continue to be processed.
- if the driver does NOT find a suitable drive, I also see:
"Inteface board or CD-ROM drive is not ready"
"Press <A>bort, or <R>etry"
In that case, I press A or a (you don't need to press Enter), then I see:
"CD-ROM device driver not installed"
and Autoexec.bat and Config.sys continue to be processed.
The drive letter the CD drive is using, if it's recognized, is stated at the end of loading files from the Startup Disk.
When you use a Win 95 Startup Disk, which does not have the lines in Autoexec.bat and Config.sys to support using a cd drive built in, or if you use just a bootable disk with system files on it, you need appropriate lines in Autoexec.bat and Config.sys to load mscedex and the cd drive (controller) driver (if Autoexec.bat andConfig.sys are not already there you have to make them), and mscdex and the driver must either be on the floppy or must be on the hard drive and the lines point to where they are located on the hard drive.
If you want to enable supporting using these drives on an existing Windows installation on the hard drive in Windows....
this applies to 95, 98, 98SE, and probably ME - I don't know whether 2000 and up have the driver for these drive controllers built in ....
you have to boot the computer using the real mode driver and mscdex and lines for them in Autoexec.bat and Config.sys the first time (because the controller is not Plug and Play compatible or detectable, and is not a standard non-P&P device that is loaded automatically), then once Windows recognizes the drive, you use Add Hardware to auto find the proper protected mode non-P&P controller driver, install it, then you can delete the appropriate lines in Autoexec.bat and Config.sys that load the real mode drivers.
I haven't used ME much, but apparently you can make a Startup Disk the same way as in Win 9x, and you add the line in Config.sys for the CD drive (controller) driver in the same place, under the [CD] heading.
ME's Config.sys on the Startup Disk has an extra section [HELP] - if you want to support the panasonic drive when you use that, you also have to add the same line to that section.
The line in Config.sys
Note that if Config.sys does not exist, you have to make a text file and name it Config.sys when you Save it. In order to save it properly, you must have Windows set so common file extensions are shown, otherwise you will actually be saving Config.sys.txt instead of Config.sys. If you can't see the common file extensions in Windows, see BELOW.
- if the driver file is on the floppy
DEVICE=cdmke41.sys /D:MSCD001 /SBP:220
- if the driver file is on the hard drive, e.g. in C:\Cdrom
DEVICE=C:\Cdrom\cdmke41.sys /D:MSCD001 /SBP:220
It doesn't matter what label you give the drive after /D: but that has to be the same as the label in the mscdex line in Autoexec.bat (although, it may have to be 8 characters or less).
The line in Autoexec.bat.
- if Autoexec.bat does not exist, you have to make a text file and name it Autecxec.bat when you Save it. In order to save it properly, you must have Windows set so common file extensions are shown, otherwise you will actually be saving Autoexec.bat.txt instead of Autoexec.bat. If you can't see the common file extensions in Windows, see BELOW.
- if an Autoexc.bat file already exists, RIGHT click on it and choose Edit, NOT open - choosing Open, or double clicking on it, will run it rather than you being able to change it's contents.
- if mscdex.exe has been copied to the floppy
MSCDEX.EXE /D:mscd001 /L:%CDROM%
or if himem.sys is also on the floppy and has also been loaded in Config.sys
LH MSCDEX.EXE /D:mscd001 /L:%CDROM%
- if mscdex.exe is on the hard drive, e.g. in 95, 98, and 98SE it's in C:\Windows\Command
C:\Windows\Command\MSCDEX.EXE /D:mscd001 /L:%CDROM%
or if himem.sys has also been loaded in Config.sys
LH C:\Windows\Command\MSCDEX.EXE /D:mscd001 /L:%CDROM%
The %CDROM% parameter assigns the first available logical drive letter alphabetically after all other drive letters have been assigned, to the CD drive.
If you like, you can specify a drive letter instead, but if the letter you specified has already been assigned, the first available logical drive letter alphabetically after all other drive letters have been assigned will still be assigned, to the CD drive.
E.g. on my 98SE computer I have frequently changed how many drives or drive partitions I have installed, so on the floppy I used \L:L, and in Windows I specified L as the CD drive's drive letter in Device Manager - that way, usually the CD drive's logical drive letter does not change when the number of drive partitions situation changes.
If you can't see the common file extensions when you are making a new Autoexec.bat or a new Config.sys file, you must make them visible....
In 95, 98, 98SE, and maybe ME, go to Start - Settings - Folder Options
In 2000 and up, and maybe ME, go to Start - Control Panel - Folder Options
Click on the View tab, and click on the dot beside Hide file extensions for known file types, or similar, to remove the dot, click on OK.
Win 95, 98, 98SE, and ME can't natively recognize NTFS partitions.
The files installed on a floppy when you make a bootable disk while formatting the floppy in 2000 or XP are ME system files - so they can't recognize a NTFS partition either.
Therfore, it is probable you can only use this drive for a hard drive in Windows that has Windows installed on a FAT or a FAT32 partition, unless 2000 and up have the required driver support for the "panasonic" drive controller built in, which I very much doubt they do.
A 95 Startup Disk floppy can't be used with a drive partition larger than ~2.1 gb because it has only FAT partition support, unless the Win 95 version is OSR2 or later, which has an earlier version of FAT32 support (most Win 95 CDs out there are earlier versions).
Win 98 and 98SE's Fdisk has bugs that prevent FAT32 drive partitions larger than 64gb from being recognized properly. The version on the Startup Disk is that version. The floppy recognizes existing FAT32 partitions larger than that fine, but if you need to use Fdisk on a drive or partition larger than 64gb, you must replace the Fdisk on the floppy with an upgraded version.