|"I insert the software cd/dvd that came with the mobo..."|
"...the screen goes black and soon enters an all text screen that says "Isolinux 3.20..."
Etc. , etc., etc.
I had similar to that happen .
The Asus mboard CDs made in the last while will auto boot if it is present in a drive while booting.
That's intentional - it's supposed to help you recover from a failed bios flash, make a floppy with SATA controller drivers on it, etc. etc.
Make sure it's not in a drive while booting !
You mboard bios Boot Order or similar settings are probably set by default to boot from a CD drive or similar before a hard drive - boot from a bootable optical disk if it's detected and present in a drive. In most cases, you are offered the choice of booting from the disk, but somehow the ASUS CD can over-ride that, and you do NOT see "Press any key to boot from CD" or similar when it's in a drive.
Similarly, if the bios detects no operating system on a hard drive, and if a Windows operating system optical disk is in a drive while booting, for more recent bioses at least, the operating system disk will auto load without you seeing "Press any key to boot from CD" or similar while booting.
The Asus mboard CD will do that regardless of whether there's an operating system on the hard drive.
You may need to run a Repair installation of Windows.
When you install a hard drive that already has had Windows 2000 or XP installed on it when it was connected to one mboard, then move the drive without altering it's data and boot from it when it's connected to a mboard on another computer, if the difference in mboard hardware is more than a little different, 2000 or XP often cannot deal with the change and will not boot all the way into Windows - typically you see the first bit of Windows graphics, then a black screen with a blinking cursor top left and nothing further happens, or the operating system loads farther than that but does not fully load, the computer reboots, in an endless loop.
In that case, you need to run a Repair installation of Windows. Many people call that a Repair Install, but that's not appropriate, because Microsoft hasn't had an Install of an operating system since Dos 6.xx, and what you're really doing is running Setup again, without deleting the personal data and settings you have added to the partition the Windows installation is on.
The correct term is Repair installation, or Repair Setup maybe, as I prefer to call it, but not Repair Install.
You need an operating system OEM or Retail full version CD of the same version as the Windows installation, XP Home or Pro, whichever applies, and a Product Key for that installation.
(If you have XP MCE, you need the OEM MCE 2 CD set - installing MCE requires the contents of two CDs.)
Microsoft OEM CD = it has " For distribution with a new PC only. " printed on it.
Or - you can use a Retail full version XP CD, if you have the Product Key for it.
The Product Key, and whether it's OEM or Retail or Home or Pro or MCE, is on the official Microsoft label that is supposed to be installed on the outside of the computer case somewhere.
How to do an XP Repair installation , step by step:
The Product Key MUST be one that will be accepted by Setup for your CD !
There must be no errors reading files from the CD !
You will NOT be able to complete Setup if either of those things are not right, and you will NOT be able to do a Repair installation when you try again after that if you didn't complete Setup.
Make sure the XP CD is clean and free or major scratches.
If the optical drive is not new, use a laser lens cleaning CD in rthe drive the XP CD will be in.
SATA hard and optical drives.
The XP CD has no built in SATA controller drivers, and Setup will not detect SATA drives by default, if the mboard's bios has the SATA controllers in SATA or AHCI mode.
The easiest way to get around that is to go into the bios and change the SATA controllers mode to an IDE compatible mode, Save bios settings.
Then the XP CD's Setup will detect SATA drives, as IDE compatible drives. After Setup has finished, and after you have installed the SATA controller drivers in the operating system, you can go into the bios and set the SATA controllers mode to SATA or AHCI, if you wish.
E.g. in the bios for my fairly recent Asus mboard, on the first page I see in Setup, I select Storage Configuration, then Onchip SATA Type - I select IDE .
Or - you can leave the SATA controllers mode set to SATA or AHCI in the bios, and do as Ricahard59 suggested, load the SATA drivers while loading the XP CD contents,
BUT that requires that you MUST connect a legacy floppy drive to the floppy data header on the mboard, and make a floppy disk with the SATA controller drivers on it.
(the CD will NOT recognize files on almost all USB floppy drive models and USB optical drive models, or any another CD, or another hard drive or drive partition, or any USB connected drive.).
You boot from the XP CD, and press F6 when you see the line "Press F6 to load..." early in the loading of the files from the CD, then later on you are prompted to insert the floppy with the drivers on it.
OR - you could make yourself a"slipstreamed" CD-R that has the SATA controller drivers integrated into the contents of your CD - if your CD does not have SP3 updates included, you might as well integrate that into the CD-R at the same time.
If you have any hard drives larger than 137gb manufacturer's size, the XP CD must have SP1 or later updates integrated into it. If it has SP2 or SP3 updates, that's printed on the CD.
If it has SP1 updates, that has NOT been printed on any Microsoft CD I've seen that has SP1 updates included, but the volume label - the label you see in Windows for the CD - of CDs that have no SP updates at all is different from that for CDs that do have SP1 updates - you can search on the web with that to determine if the CD has SP1updates or not.
If your CD does NOT have at least SP1 updates, and you DO have hard drives > 137gb, you need to make yourself a"slipstreamed" CD-R with the SP3 updates integrated into the contents of your XP CD. When your mboard has SATA controllers, you might as well integrate the drivers for that into the CD-R at the same time.
Then you use that CD-R rather than your original XP CD to boot the computer with.
After Setup is finished you must load the drivers for the mboard, particularly the main chipset drivers, in order for Windows to have the proper drivers for and information about your mboard hardware, including it's AGP or PCI-E, ACPI, USB 2.0 if it has it, and hard drive controller support. If you have a generic system and have the CD that came with the mboard, all the necessary drivers are on it. If you load drivers from the web, brand name system builders and mboard makers often DO NOT have the main chipset drivers listed in the downloads for your model - in that case you must go to the maker of the main chipset's web site, get the drivers, and load them.
Load the main chipset drivers first.
If your XP CD does not have SP3 updates included.....
See Response 6
"If your XP CD does not have SP3 updates included, the best time to load them is right after you have installed Windows from scratch...."