|"QUESTION 1 : After connecting the "40GB" hard disk drive and deleting the entire contents on the disk in order to partition and format it, why did the "40GB" hard disk drive show that it had 38147MB and not really 40GB?"|
40gb is the drive manufacturer's size, stated a decimal way (based on powers of 10) , e.g. 1gb = 1,000,000,000 bytes = 1 billion bytes. They've always done that for hard drives (and for flash drives, and memory cards) and in most people's opinion that has always been a bogus way to state the size of the drive.
Most, if not all, mboard bioses, and ALL operating systems, detect the size of the drive a binary way (based on powers of 2).
E.g. 1kb (kilobyte) = 1,024 bytes, 1 mb (megabyte) = 1,024kb, 1 gb (gigabyte) = 1,024 mb.
1 mb = 1,024 bytes/kb x 1,024 kb/mb = 1,048,576 bytes
1 gb = 1,024 bytes/kb x 1,024 kb/mb x 1,024 mb/gb = 1,073,741,824 bytes.
A ~40 gb manufacturer's size drive divided by 1.073,741,824 = it's binary size in the operating system = ~37.259..... gb = ~38,153 mb.
(The drive probably isn't exactly 40 gb manufacturer's size.)
The total number of bytes is the same, or very close to the same.
That's the "raw" size. Software partitioning the physical drive's hard drive partition(s) (using the NTFS, or FAT32 file systems) and formatting the hard drive partition(s) uses up a small percentage of that space, so the size of (a) partitions(s) on the drive data can be stored on is smaller than that (and doesn't / don't include the ~8mb of unallocated space Windows normally makes, if you use all of the drive's space).
Why express the size a binary way ? The smallest unit of data is a bit - it can either be off - stored as 0 (zero) - or on - stored as 1. So - it makes perfect sense to use a size designation based on powers of 2, rather than 10.
All data on a hard drive (or on a flash drive, memory card, floppy disk, CD or DVD disk, etc., etc.) is stored as 0's and 1's. There are 8 bits to a byte - all files and folders are stored as a series of bytes.
(SATA hard drives transfer data at 10 bits per byte, not 8; all previous hard drive standards including IDE ones transfer data at 8 bits per byte.)
"QUESTION 2 : Windows XP created an 8MB partition by itself, what for and why would Setup not enable me to delete it ?"
Windows 2000 and up does that automatically - if you try to use the entire space on a physical hard drive for (a) software partition(s) , it makes one unallocated space of ~8mb (it varies a bit in size, 8.0mb + or - .2 mb or so) on each physical hard drive, at the end of the drive space. Apparently it's for possible NTFS use, even if the partition(s) on the physical hard drive is(are) not using the NTFS (NT File System).
Most people just ignore that because it's so small in relation to the total size of the drive. If that really bugs you, you can use a third party program to software partition and format the drive and use the entire drive space.
"QUESTION 3 : Is it necessary to install a driver for my monitor?"
They're actually a set of drivers, not one driver.
Windows XP (Win 95, 98, 98SE, ME, 2000, and XP; Vista and Windows 7 have something similar) will load Plug n Play Monitor drivers automatically in most cases. However, if you load specific drivers for your monitor model, then by default, Windows will only show you the display settings that both the monitor model and the specific video drivers for the video adapter support. If the monitor is LCD or Plasma, it's NOT a good idea to use Plug n Play Monitor drivers, because they were designed primarily for use with CRT monitors way back in 2001 or so when XP was first released, there have been no changes to them since, and you can select settings that can DAMAGE LCD or Plasma monitors !
"QUESTION 4 : Why must Service Pack 2 be installed before installing Service Pack 3 - why can't Service Pack 3 be installed to use without Service Pack 2 installed? "
If the XP CD has no SP updates at all integrated into it, apparently you must install SP1 or SP2 updates in an existing XP installation before you can install SP3 updates.
However, the Windows CD may have SP1 updates integrated into it already.
See response 3 in this:
The alternative is you can make yourself a "slipstreamed" CD by using the contents of your XP with no SP updates CD and follow a procedure to integrate SP3 updates into the contents, then follow a procedure in a specific type of burning program module to make the CD the right way for it to be a bootable Windows CD, and use that burned CD to install Windows on your computer, along with your original Product Key.
(You would need access to a computer that has at least a CD burner drive, preferably a CD-R disk, the right type of burning program module, and a description of the procedures.)
"QUESTION 5 : When talking to someone who has worked with computers much longer than I have, about the fact that I had no graphics card for my MS-6714 and that according to Adobe CS4 system requirements I needed a graphics card compatible with Adobe CS4 if I wanted to run Adobe CS4 properly, I was asked something in the lines of the following that threw me off my track of thinking,
"Why can't you use your onboard graphics (of the MS-6714) for Adobe CS4 and just download DirectX8 (or9), Shader Model 3.0 and OpenGL 2.0 ?" "
XP already has DirectX 9.x built into it - you can update that a bit, but you can't load DirectX 10 or higher in XP.
If you load a higher software version for a feature than the video hardware supports for that software, simpler features are auto substituted for the specific things only higher versions support. You still have video but the fancier features the hardware doesn't support aren't displayed as intended.
Apparently you could use the onboard video, but sharing ram with the onboard video always reduces the max bandwidth - max data transfer rate - of the portion of the ram installed in the mboard that Windows itself uses, to as little as half what it would be if you were to use a video card in a mboard AGP slot instead - installing an AGP card in the 6714 automatically disables the onboard video and stops sharing the ram with the onboard video. Video intensive programs, e.g. probably at least some of the programs in Adobe CS4, greatly benefit from NOT having the max bandwidth of the ram reduced due to using onboard video.
"Is it really necessary to get a graphics card for Adobe CS4, because maybe they just added extra features to it that are not necessary, because surely they were able to create nice stuff with Adobe many years back when these new features weren't there?"
"So my question 5 is : Without having to spend days learning Adobe CS4 in order to determine whether or not my onboard graphics support Adobe CS4 nicely, how could I determine whether or not it would work nicely by looking at the specs of my onboard graphics?"
The only way you can determine that is to try Adobe CS4 and determine what you do want to use and what you don't want to use, and see how the onboard video or the 9250 card work out for you.
Adobe makes programs that take a long time, not just days, to learn how to use properly.
" * How do I determine -
1) the VRAM of my onboard graphics of my MS-6714?
2) whether or not my onboard graphics support DirectX® 8.1?
3) if it has OpenGL support? "
6714 models search results on the MSI web site - apparently MSI is presently fiddling with their web site and the link I provided previously no longer works.
This new link works:
There are 5 possible models.
OtheHill said previously yours is probably the fourth one, but you stated several times that yours is Version 1.x.
The fourth and fifth one are version 5.x, and the pictures show they are RED.
The first three all have the same manual E6714v1.0.pdf (E for English) - they're GREEN in the pictures.
Apparently they're the same except for the particular Intel 845 main chipset version, and some come with the onboard LAN (the network adapter), some don't have that.
It seems there is no difference regarding the onboard graphics for the different Intel 845 main chipset versions.
I looked at the E6714v1.0.pdf manual.
In the Bios Setup settings descriptions -
Advanced Chipset Features
Onchip VGA - Enable / Disable ?
The onboard video is probably disabled automatically when you install an AGP video card - that's probably for if you want to install a PCI video card, which does NOT normally auto disable the onboard video.
Onchip VGA Frame Buffer Size
The field specifies the size of system memory allocated for video memory - 1mb / 8mb
That's the amount of VRAM - video ram - the onboard video uses - you can select either, 1mb is probably the default.
Adobe CS4 requires a minimum of 1mb of VRAM - you could use the 8mb setting, but the 9250 card will probably perform better with it's 2mb of VRAM because the ram won't be having it's max bandwidth ~halved, at least certainly for Adobe CS4 features that greatly benefit from that.
82845G Graphics controller - main support page
"This applies to:
Intel® 82845G Graphics Controller "
Desktop graphics controllers
"The Intel® Extreme Graphics controllers are compatible with versions of Microsoft* DirectX* up to 9.0. They are also compatible with previous version of DirectX (8.x, 7.x, 6.x and 5.x)."
"This applies to:
Intel® 82845G Graphics Controller "
Apparently the Radeon 9250 video chipset DOES support OpenGL - that info was just missing in the info on the web site for your particular brand and model of card.
SAPPHIRE 9250 Specifications
"Full support for Microsoft® DirectX® 8.1 and DX9 compliance and the latest OpenGL® functionality"
"VIDEO IMMERSION™ and FULLSTREAM™ technologies which provide for amazing video playback quality."
So - the only slight disadvantages of your Radeon 9250 video chipset card is it's hardware doesn't support Direct 9.x only features, and it has 2mb VRAM rather than the 8mb possible for the onboard video.
I think you will find the card will yield you better overall results than the onboard video set to use 8mb because the ram will not have it's bandwidth ~halved when the AGP card is used.