|Try using a laser lens cleaning CD in the drive. If you don't have one you SHOULD have one. Most places that sell CDs or DVDs sell them, and even some "dollar" stores have them for a buck or two.|
Or, if this is a laptop computer, eject the drive's tray and with no disk on the tray, wipe off the obvious laser lens with a tissue or a soft cloth.
There is no such situation as a recent optical drive like yours can read only original (factory; "pressed") CDs or DVDs.
However, it IS possible that
- it can't read CD-RAM or DVD-RAM burnable disks
- it can't read SOME brands of burnable disks
- it can't read SOME burned disks that were not made in the same drive, especially if they are not CD-R or DVD-R
- it can't read any CD, or it can't read any DVD.
Combo DVD burner drivers (read and burn both CDs and DVDs) have at least two lasers and associated circuits. Sometimes one of those malfunctions after the drive has been used a lot.