|You either have to test with tools, or swap with known good or use software logs if possible. |
Might boot to bios and see if any hardware health settings are shown. Some of those may be wrong.
Could boot to a live cd or usb if you suspect the drive.
Could use SMART tools if the drive supports it.
"Best Practices", Event viewer, host file, perfmon, antivirus, anti-spyware, Live CD's, backups, are in my top 10